EGYPT BEGINS A WAVE OF FORCED EVICTIONS IN NORTH SINAI
Background: In order to create a buffer zone along the Ghaza strip, Egyptian authorities have begun to indiscriminately evict families along the north Sinai zone, flouting various international and national laws. This was due to days after a deadly attack on a military checkpoint in North Sinai that killed at least 33 soldiers on 24 October 2014, according to official statements. Egypt’s Prime Minister Ibrahim Mahlab issued a decree by law (no 1975/2014) to create a buffer zone and evacuate the area in Rafah. Article three of this law stipulates that anyone who refuses to leave their home is to be forcibly evicted, contravening both international law and the Egyptian constitution which strictly prohibits forced evictions.
News Update: Amnesty International has accused the Egyption government of ignoring key safeguards required under international law including consultation with residents, adequate prior notice, sufficient compensation for losses and granting alternative housing to those who cannot provide for themselves, rendering the evictions unlawful.
It has estimated that 800 homes have been destroyed with an estimated 1,165 families forcibly evicted from their homes since the Egyptian military began clearing the area. Residents of the planned buffer zone have been offered an initial compensation of around $41.5, the equivalent of three months’ rent. A media blackout has also been imposed throughout North Sinai to block reporting of the demolitions and forced evictions or any other military operations. 
Implications: Apart from a mass displaced population, it raises several concerns. One fear is that a larger number of local individuals will join the militants, because they are resentful after years of under-investment in the area, and are made to feel even more disenfranchised with the displacement. Further, they will view it as collective punishment for a militant crime committed by a handful of terrorists, which will incite further non- cooperation with the government as well as increase the number of unemployed and poverty stricken families.