AMNESTY INTERNATIONAL ACCUSES COLOMBIA’S LAND RESTITUTION LAWS
Background: In 2012, the Colombian Government passed the Victims and Land Restitution Law (Law 1448), in order to return six million victims of forced displacement to their land. These were victims of illegally acquired land, and were rightful owners who had been harassed by corporate giants and the land mafia in Colombia. This law was lauded as a positive attempt to overcome the damage caused by the rampant corruption and violation of human rights which led to the mass displaced of millions of rightful land owners.
Recent Developments: On 27th November, the Amnesty International released a new report titled A land title is not enough: Ensuring Sustainable Land Restitution in Colombia. It explores how the Victims and Land Restitution Law (Law 1448), implemented in 2012, is failing the vast majority of people whose lands were stolen. 
The report blames the rampant corruption, the influence of the corporate giants which have gained a stronghold in Colombia as well as threats of violence which have discouraged rightful owners from reclaiming their land. Only a tiny fraction of the eight million hectares that are thought to have been illegally acquired during the course of the conflict have been returned so far. Due to government apathy and neglect, only less than 1% of displaced Colombians have been returned to their land since the Victims Law was enacted.
Further, only those who have been displaced after 1991 are eligible to claim their land under this act. Even amongst these claims, the land restitution process has focused largely on relatively easy, small-scale land restitution.