Displaced Tribals landless and poor [%new%]
News Credit: Garima Singh III year, B.A. LLB (Hons.)
Date: August 12, 2014
Majority of the displaced tribal families of the Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park area in three taluks of Mysore and Kodagu districts have become landless agricultural labourers and pushed to poverty, as per three member Karnataka High Court committee. The committee headed by Muzaffar Asadi, noted that only 24.54 percent of the displaced tribal families owned land. The small size of landholding had failed to alleviate them from poverty. A majority of the tribals were left in the lurch.
Following renaming of Nagarahole National Park as Rajiv Gandhi National Park in 1992 and declaring Nagarahole Tiger Reserve in 2001, many tribals had to leave the core park area. The committee was asked to look into the actual number of families and persons displaced or forced to leave their original habitat on account of establishment of the park.
The panel in its 130-page report titled ‘On the tribal issues of Rajiv Gandhi (Nagarahole) National Park Area’ in July 2014, which was submitted to the High Court and the State government, revealed that families cultivating land have not been able to obtain formal credit. Many families had been denied ownership of land as it lies with the government.
The panel recommended granting of fertile lands for displaced tribals, construction of quality houses and inclusion of the families into the below poverty line list. It also suggested that the government provide basic facilities such as hospitals, drinking water and electricity in relocated areas.
 Nagesh Prabhu, Displaced Tribals landless and poor: panel, The Hindu, 5 (August 12, 2014).